Stages in E-learning content development

E-learning or learning with the help of technology is the most imminent and popular means of sharing knowledge with those situated far from the source of knowledge. Through e-learning, complex concepts are also explained with the help of interactive quizzes, models, illustrations and animation. Students can, not just learn, but evaluate the knowledge that they have gained.

Though new systems for development of e-learning modules have been found, the most commonly used is the one that has been there since many years. This is the famous ADDIE model, which is used by instructional designers to create e-learning modules that are effective and stimulating. Let us explore the parts of this model.

‘A’ stands for Assessment. The first stage in the process of content development is to assess the need for education. We have to find the gap in knowledge in order to be able to fill it. The reason why such a gap exists must also be investigated. In many cases of corporate e-learning, the problem does not lie in limited knowledge of participants, but the limitations of resources they get and the environment in which they work. So, the need for knowledge is the first and foremost thing that needs to be assessed.

Then comes Design; a module that seems appropriate and matching with the needs is designed by the instructional designers, who use various techniques, like puzzles, interactive games, quizzes and storyboards to explain the concepts being covered. The design must also be suitable for the recipients. So, the designing tools will be different for college learners and school students.

The next step is Development. The design is developed with the help of technical experts and subject matter experts. Putting the entire design into an actionable form takes much effort and the development stage must be crossed with caution. The module is now ready to for Implementation. It is put into action through interactive sessions with an instructor, or through virtual classes. The study material can also be accessed by students through online sites and test papers can be answered on their own.

Every new initiative needs to be examined for effectiveness. Hence, the last step in this process is Evaluation. The designers and instructors, as well as the stake holders, assess whether the module has been successful in meeting the targets set at the commencement of the program. They will see whether the knowledge gap has been fulfilled. These five steps together ensure that the process of developing online learning content is effectual.

Category : E-learning
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